2017年6月27日火曜日

50 Pride and Shame

50 Pride and Shame 【Life】Dialogue with the Universe

○Pride and shame are based on the work of a cerebral domain which is not the logical Prefrontal cortex, and manages feeling. [1]

Q:Will the Bayesian net may have feelings? [2]
A:Organizations of the brain involved in emotions are amygdala, hypothalamus, brain stem(emotional state and survival state), but Bayesian net has nothing to do with these organizations.
The future designer of artificial intelligence will make emotion such as "curiosity" to the outside of the Bayesian net, depending on the purpose.

※Bayesian network:It is a technique for making inferences based on probabilistic efficiently. And it acts similar to intuition, which is one of the functions of the brain. It is a technology that is the key to understanding of information processing principles of the brain.
・It has based on Bayes' theorem, which was discovered in 1763 by British pastor Thomas Bayes (1702 (?) - 1761).

感情脳と生存脳.png
  
【References】
1. “The Willpower Instinct”Kelly McGonigal(p.294)
2. 産業技術総合研究所 > 一杉裕志 > 脳とベイジアンネット > 脳とベイジアンネットFAQ( 2011-05-26 更新)
3. “Conscious Discipline Brain State Model” at Conscious Discipline
https://consciousdiscipline.com/about/brain_state_model.asp

50 プライドと恥

50 プライドと恥 【人生】宇宙との対話

○プライドや恥というのは、論理的な前頭前皮質ではなく、感情をつかさどる脳の領域の働きによるものです。[1]

Q:ベイジアンネットが感情を持ち得るのでしょうか? [2]
A:情動に関係する脳の組織は扁桃体・視床下部・脳幹など(感情脳・生存脳)ですが、ベイジアンネットはこれらの組織とは無関係です。 
将来の人工知能設計者は、目的に応じて「好奇心」などの感情をベイジアンネットの外側に作ることになるのだと思います。 

※ベイジアンネット:確率論に基づいた推論を効率的に行うための技術。 脳の機能の1つである直観と似た働きをする。脳の情報処理原理の解明の鍵となる技術。
・イギリスの牧師トーマス・ベイズ(1702年(?) - 1761年)によって1763年に発見されたベイズの定理をもとにしている。

扁桃体/視床下部/脳幹.png

【参 考】
1.「自分を変える教室」ケリー・マクゴニガル(p.294)
2. 産業技術総合研究所 > 一杉裕志 > 脳とベイジアンネット > 脳とベイジアンネットFAQ( 2011-05-26 更新)
3. NAMS出版プロジェクト
http://nam-students.blogspot.jp/2015/09/blog-post_83.html

49 The Probability that Human Being Exists:Child of the Miracle

49 The Probability that Human Being Exists:Child of the Miracle 【Life】Dialogue with the Universe

○The probability that one human being exists in the universe is one slash trillion to the fifth power(10^-65).

○In the case of year-end jumbo lottery in Japan 10 million copies are sold in one unit, so if you would buy ten parts, the chance of 1st prize is per million.
○The probability that one human being exists is the same grade as winning 1st prize of the lottery 11 times continuously.
○In an absurd fortunate result, people exist in this world.
○It is "all persons are the children of a miracle."

○By the way, most fortunate person's existence probability on the earth is about 10^-10.
○All persons search for money, honor, and a status.
○I think that it is instinct for survival, or is memorized through social life in the cerebral neural circuit, and is an unavoidable thing.
○However, the difference of the most fortunate person and those who are not so is the difference between winning 1 grade of a Year-End Jumbo lottery 11 times continuously and 13 times continuously. 

○If he is devoted to competition, and pleasure of life is missed, and a feeling shrinks and suicide is committed in the end in order that the person who already won 1 grade of the Year-End Jumbo lottery continuously 11 times may win many 1 grades of a Year-End Jumbo lottery continuously twice rather than others, does God sympathize with him?
○Does God sympathize with the person who already won 1 grade of the lottery continuously 11 times may win continuously twice rather than others he is devoted to competition, and pleasure of life is missed, and a feeling shrinks and suicide is committed in the end?

○Everyone is a child of the miracle!

○Even if I think that I understand myself, actually it is hard to understand.
☆Your mind will become easy if you appreciate.  



<Calculation>
1)Existence probability of those of 50kg in the universe
・Mass of the universe:10^53 kg [2]・・・ (1)
・Average of human weight: 50 kg ・・・(2)
・Existence probability of those of 50kg in the universe=(2)÷(1)≒10^-52・・・(3)

2)Existence probability of intelligent life in the terrestrial planets
・Mass of the earth:6×10^24 kg・・・(4)
・Earth population:7.4×10^9 people  (2016) [3]
・Average weight: 50 kg・・・(5)
・The weight of the total population:(4)×(5)=4×10^11 kg・・・(6)
・Existence probability of intelligent life in the terrestrial planets
=(6)÷(4)≒10^-13・・・(7)

3)Probability that one human being exists in the universe=(3)×(7)=10^-65

4)Probability winning 1st prize of the lottery 11 times continuously
=(10^-6)^11=10^-66

5) Probability to become the most fortunate people on earth
=1÷(7.4×10^9)≒10^-10

【Reference】
1. The elements that make up the Earth is generated by the supernova explosion of the star which is 1.4 times or more the weight of the sun . ... Our body is made of pieces of stars.
※ Supernova explosion of 10 parsecs (33 light years) within from Earth is about once in 100 million years. (Near-Earth supernova - Wikipedia)
2. Observable universe - Wikipedia
3. World population - Wikipedia

【Change log】
20170324 Addition of a graphic

49 人間が存在する確率:奇跡の子

49 人間が存在する確率:奇跡の子 【知性】宇宙との対話

○宇宙の中で1人の人間が存在する確率は、1兆の5乗分の1(10^-65)。

○年末ジャンボ宝くじの場合、1ユニットで1000万枚発売され、1等は1ユニットあたり1本だから、10枚買うと100万分の1の確率で1等が当たる。
○人間が存在する確率は、年末ジャンボの1等を連続して11回当てるのと同じ程度である。
○人がこの世に存在することは、気の遠くなるほどの幸運の結果なのだ。
☆人はみな奇跡の子!

○ところで、地球上で最も幸運な人の存在確率は、10^-10。
○人は皆、お金や名誉や地位を求める。
○それは生存本能であり、社会生活を通じて脳の神経回路に記憶されたもので、仕方のないことだと思う。
○ただ、最も幸運な人とそうでない人の差は、10^-10。
○年末ジャンボの1等を2回連続で当てるよりも少ない。

○すでに年末ジャンボの1等を11回も連続して当てた人が、他人よりも年末ジャンボの1等を2回多く連続して当てるために、競争に明け暮れ、人生の楽しみを見失い。気持ちが萎縮して、あげくの果てに自殺したら、神様は同情するでしょうか?
○昔からある「感謝の心を持って生きる」とか「足るを知る」とかいう人生訓は宇宙の真理なのだ。

○もう一度つぶやこう。人はみな奇跡の子!

○「一番わかっているようで一番わからぬこの自分」相田みつを(1924-1991)
☆「ありがたや」と感謝をすると心が楽になる。


<計 算>
1)宇宙における50kgの物の存在確率
 ・宇宙の質量:6×10^53 kg [2]・・・(1) 
・人間の平均体重:50 kg・・・・(2)
 ・宇宙における50kgの物の存在確率=(2)÷(1)≒10^-52・・・(3)
 
2)地球型惑星における知的生命体の存在確率
 ・地球の質量 :6×10^24 kg・・・(4)
 ・地球人口 :7.2×10^9人  (2012年) [3]
・平均体重:50 kg・・・(5)
 ・全人口の重量:(4)×(5)=7.2×50×10^9 kg=4×10^11 kg・・・(6)
・地球型惑星における知的生命体の存在確率=(6)÷(4)≒10^-13・・・(7) 

3)宇宙に1人の人間が存在する確率=(3)×(7)=10^-65

4)年末ジャンボ宝くじの1等を連続して11回当てる確率=(10^-6)^11=10^-66

5)地球上で最も幸運な人になる確率=1÷(7.2×10^9)≒10^-10

【参 考】
1. 地球を構成する元素は太陽の1.4倍以上の重さの恒星の超新星爆発により生成したもの。・・・我々の体は星のかけらでできている。
※地球から10パーセク(33光年)以内の超新星爆発は、1億年に1回程度。(Wikipedia:近地球超新星)
2. 観測可能な宇宙 - Wikipedia 
3. 世界人口 - Wikipedia 

【更新履歴】
20170324 写真の追加

48 Autism

48 Autism【Intelligence】Dialogue with the Universe

48-1 What is Autism?[1]
○Autism is said to be the fault in the phylogenetically older parts of the brain responsible for emotion (amygdala and limbic system)。
○The person with autism often have perfect pitch. They have accurate musical memory, but they are not impressed by the music. They can determine "beautiful", but can not cause deep emotional call.
○In addition, to understand the technical language is easy for them. And they have ability of concentration, dense thinking, attention to a single purpose, stubbornness, frankness without a lie, integrity.
○The Autism has many aspects worth. [2]


※Railway painting [3]

48-2 NEWS
○How Pokemon Go sparked 'miracle' transformation in boy with autism [4]

【References】
1.”An Anthropologist on Mars” Oliver Sacks/translation Toshiko Yoshida (March, 1997)
2.Hisashi Fukushima/Railway painting
http://withnews.jp/article/f0151205000qq000000000000000W00o0401qq000012810A
3. Hisashi Fukushima
www.nhk.or.jp
4.Lisa Flam” How Pokemon Go sparked 'miracle' transformation in boy with autism” at TODAT Parents Jul. 20, 2016
http://www.today.com/parents/how-pokemon-go-sparked-miracle-transformation-boy-autism-t100928

48 自閉症

48 自閉症 【知性】宇宙との対話

48-1 自閉症とは?[1]
○自閉症は、脳の感情を司る系統発生的に古い部分(扁桃核と辺縁系)の障害とも言われている。
○自閉症の人は絶対音感をもっていることが多い。音楽的な記憶力もいいし正確だが、音楽に感動することはない。「きれい」だとは思うが、深い感情を呼びおこすことはない。
○また、技術的な言葉を理解することは容易で、集中力、密度の高い思考、ひとつの目的へのこだわり、頑固さ、偽りを知らない率直さ、誠実さを持っている。
○自閉症には価値のあるさまざまな面がある。[2]


※鉄道絵画[3]

48-2 ニュース
○米国では、ポケモンGOをきっかけに「自閉症のわが子が社交的になった」というケースも報告されている。[4]

【参 考】
1.「火星の人類学者」オリヴァー・サックス/吉田利子訳(1997年3月発行)
2.福島尚(ひさし)さんの鉄道絵画
http://withnews.jp/article/f0151205000qq000000000000000W00o0401qq000012810A
3.福島尚
www.nhk.or.jp
4.ポケGO 自閉症の子救う例も(2016年7月23日(土)掲載) - Yahoo!ニュース
http://news.yahoo.co.jp/pickup/6208618

2017年6月26日月曜日

47 How to Grow up with Pleasure

47 How to Grow up with Pleasure 【Intelligence】Dialogue with the Universe

【Point-1】Never cares to worthless things.
(1) Control Your Own Destiny
○If you have not lived your life, Who will become yourself?
○Control Your Own Destiny or Someone Else Will.-Jack Welch(1935- )
○Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. 
Don’t be trapped by dogma – which is living with the results of other people’s thinking.
Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice.
And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. -Steve Jobs(1955-2011)

○It is your heart to determine your happiness.
○Which is true? Lazy or impossible?
○As long as the tomato is a tomato, it is the real thing. It is fake when you try to show the tomato to melon.
○Money is not all of life, but no money is inconvenient. Convenient is better.


(2) Find out what is really important for you! Carry out the way to which your only once life be applied.
○If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today? -Steve Jobs(1955-2011)
○Even if I knew that tomorrow the world would go to pieces, I would still plant my apple tree. -Martin Luther(1483-1546)
○"Be who you are"・・・"Explore yourself more and more to become your own ultimately, and you express it, its expression becomes the word of God. -Tadanori Yokoo(1936 - )
(Randy Taguchi, " Island of Light Rain, Yakushima" p.195)

○It’s best to do one thing really, really well. -Google
○It's a real tear, or cop-out?
○Locate the goal, and go just straight!

(3)Don't be trapped by compete. 
Don’t have an inferiority complex. 
Don't be scrupulous. 
Merely appreciate that you are alive. 
And concentrate your power on taking out 100%!

☆Your mind will become easy if you appreciate.  

【Point-2】 Reliance upon others is useless. Reliance upon others withers your mind and you become easy to be deceived.
○When it is in dependency, the leading role of his life is not himself. Shigeki Suwa 
http://homepage1.nifty.com/shigeki-suwa/loneliness/
○"If it is made for individual to be buried into a group and these monotonous days are repeated free thinking becomes impossible, it becomes easy to start a hint, and mental regression comes." 村井翔
Source:「心理学・入門」宝島社文庫 December, 1999(p.198)
○Since imprinting [which makes it regard it as an important thing that it is not important for you] is performed through education and a home life, it is necessary to continue the correction and escape from there tenaciously.

Freedom makes people solitude.
But don't be afraid.
You cannot grow up, if you are not solitude.
It says, if you do not forget love.
Solitude and love grow up you.

○The friendship between the wise men is light like water. -Chuang-tzu (B.C.552-B.C.472)

○Criticize on the basis of alternative proposal. 

【Point-3】For grow up with pleasure, love the people, believe the people, accept the people, act for the people.
○If not, you are reduced, and would result in disaster to yourself and mankind.

○Go fishing for the happiness of the day. Make a fortune for the happiness of one year. Help the people for the happiness of life. -The extract from a Chinese proverb

【Reference】
○Benevolence, Justice, Courtesy, Wisdom(, and Sincerity) 
※The 5 Confucian virtues
・Benevolence:To love million people in compassion, and to hold Courtesy by suppressing selfish desires.
... Chuang-tzu (BC552-BC472) was preached Benevolence the highest morality.
・Justice:To hold Courtesy by suppressing selfish desires
・Courtesy:Concrete action of Benevolence.
... Which was something that leads to identification system to the axis the patriarchy, but in modern times, it may be considered as manners.
・Wisdom:Intelligence and culture.
・Sincerity:Thick friendship, honesty.)
...That was proposed based on the five elements theory for the four virtues that Mencius (BC372? -BC289) proposed.

○Humans are mass of greed.
○Scramble leads to shortage. Share will lead to allowance. Scramble leads to hate. Share will lead to peace.
○Have a soft heart!

○ Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité « リベルテ、エガリテ、フラテルニテ »
:Originating from the French Revolution. (1790 ~)
※Fraternity:In France, charity or benevolence is class discriminatory.

【Point-4】Do not be too greedy.
☆Human becomes smaller if he is too greed. And, he becomes easy to be deceived in person.

○Even if I think that I understand myself, actually it is hard to understand. 
☆Your mind will become easy if you appreciate.・・・Everyone is a child of the miracle.

【Point-5】Be positiv!Think always about happy things.

☆To do so, please praise yourself and others daily.・・・Because the positive and negative contagious.
☆Never blame yourself!
☆To blame yourself is like making your enemy. As a result, everything becomes impossible increasingly.

☆Be positive, do it positive, give the positive!  by Studio Gooda!

Don't blame yourself.
But even you are small.
If you won't stop to blame, you'll be flour.

○Easy Mindfulness
15 minutes. Close your eyes to focus on breathing. (Rather than do not think, only focus on what is happening now in front of you.) ・・・Good to sleep.

○The brain works well when optimistic.
○It's no problem if you stumbled in your life.
○Don't mind troubles. You just alive!
○Basic of judo is passive. Judo's passive is the practice of tumbling, losing and exposing the shame in front of people.
○Don't sweat it. Not to be idle. Take care of business.
○Take care of business. Specific answer comes out if go for broke.
○How come you spent so long thinking time?Life would end!
○You are limbo when you are confused. Snap out of it!Really settle down if you put feet on the ground.

☆You must have insight and judgment not only intelligence and culture.